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Author (up) Highfill, T.; Franks, C.; Georgi, P.; Howells, T. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Introducung the outdoor recreation satellite account Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 315-317  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), part of the U.S. Department of Commerce, produces official macroeconomic and industry statistics for the U.S. economy. Through a collaborative effort with outdoor recreation economists, industry experts, and multiple government agencies, the BEA recently released the Outdoor Recreation Satellite Account (ORSA), a set of new statistics quantifying the U.S. outdoor recreation economy for 2012-2016. For the first time, the ORSA provides an estimate of the outdoor recreation economys contribution to current dollar gross domestic product (GDP), plus gross output, compensation, and employment by industry statistics.  
  Call Number Serial 4148  
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Author (up) Hinterberger, B.; Arnberger, A.; Muhar, A., pdf  url
openurl 
  Title GIS-Supported Network Analysis of Visitor Flows in Recreational Areas Type
  Year 2002 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 1 - Proceedings Issue Pages 28-32  
  Keywords MMV1  
  Abstract The application of GIS tools for visitor monitoring facilitates a profound analysis of visitor flow patterns. Giving a visual impression of the distribution of visitors within an area via maps, interpretation of visitor use data is much easier and better. Furthermore, a GIS also allows to determine and analyse quantitative parameters of visitor use such as trail and visitor density. These parameters can also be used to characterise and compare different areas within a park. With a standardised approach, also comparisons between parks can be realised. Therefore, GIS is increasingly used in the area of visitor monitoring to assist recreation planners and park managers in their everyday work. This paper demonstrates how a GIS-based trail network analysis was used in the framework of a visitor monitoring project in the Danube Flood Plains National Park, Austria.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 418 Serial 2272  
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Author (up) Hodl, C. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Geocaching in protected areas – a survey of potential negative effects on the natural environment and implications for future management in the Donau-Auen National Park, Austria Type
  Year 2016 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 8 - Proceedings Issue Pages 252-254  
  Keywords MMV8  
  Abstract Geocaching originated in the year 2000 in the USA as a leisure activity, which requires the recreationists to find containers (so-called geocaches) based on their coordinates posted online. Since geocaches are often hidden off-trail in natural environments, protected areas are likely to be affected by this activity (Brost & Quinn 2011). Previous analysis has shown that the Donau-Auen National Park, which is partly located within the boundaries of Austria’s capital city of Vienna and which is under a large amount of public use pressure (Arnberger & Hinterberger 2003, Tazcanowska et al. 2006), is most heavily affected by geocaching amongst all six Austrian national parks – both in terms of the number of caches hidden and in terms of the number of visits logged online (Hodl 2013).  
  Call Number Serial 3938  
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Author (up) Hodl, C. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Managing geocaching in a protected area – what action were taken in the Danau-Auen National Park, Austria over the las three years Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 271-273  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract The results have shown that, although a large share of caches are located within relatively small distances from the nearest trails, some of them require walking off-trail for longer distances or even climbing trees, which is both not in line with desired visitor behaviour. Also, damages to woody vegetation, mostly caused by nails and wires used to attach geocaches to trees, were found quite frequently (Hödl, 2016). Altogether, these findings strongly suggested the need for appropriate management actions to regulate geocaching within the park.  
  Call Number Serial 4130  
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Author (up) Hoglhammer, A., Muhar, A., Stokowski, P., Schauppenlehner, T. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Perceptions of individuals and organized stakeholders on immigrants’ barriers to nature-based recreation Type
  Year 2016 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 8 - Proceedings Issue Pages 311-313  
  Keywords MMV8  
  Abstract Nature-based recreational areas provide important functions for today’s society.In particular, for people living in dense urban areas, outdoor nature-based areas offeropportunitiesfor recreation and relaxation and therefore support healthylifestyles, thus contributing to the physical and mental wellbeing of their users. Such spaces are usually open for the general public, though several access barriers have been identified for different user groups. Immigrants from non-western countries are recognized to be underrepresented in larger recreational areas, though often these people are very visible in public parks in cities.This underrepresentation has been recognized by recent scholars (Jay et al., 2012, Kloek, Buijs, Boersema, & Schouten, 2013), and several socio-economic, socio-spatial and ethnic cultural factors have beenidentified asdeterminants.As nature based recreation areas are often financed from public funds, decreasing such access barriers is a matter of social justice.  
  Call Number Serial 3957  
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Author (up) Höglhammer, A.; Muhar, A.; Stokowski, P.; Schauppenlehner, T.; Yalcintepe, E.; Renner, J. pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Integrating immigrant communities in recreation planning for the Wienerwald Biosphere Park, Austria: first results Type
  Year 2014 Publication The 7th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Local Community and Outdoor Recreation Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 7 - Proceedings Issue Pages 42-44  
  Keywords MMV7  
  Abstract  
  Call Number Serial 3054  
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Author (up) Högmander, J.; Leivo, A., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title General Principles for Sustainable Nature Tourism in Protected Areas Administrated by Metsähallitus, Finland Type
  Year 2004 Publication Policies, Methods and Tools for Visitor Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 2 - Proceedings Issue Pages 336-338  
  Keywords MMV2  
  Abstract Metsähallitus is a state owned enterprise which has the responsibility for about 27 % of the Finnish land areas. The Natural Heritage Services of Metsähallitus is the administrator of 34 national parks, 17 strict nature reserves, 12 wilderness areas and over 400 nature reserves. Totally, the area of the protected areas, wilderness areas and other areas with high values for nature conservation and recreation, administrated by the Metsähallitus, covers almost four million hectares. As a part of the work to contribute to sustainable tourism in protected areas, wilderness areas and the areas yet to be protected, administrated by Metsähallitus in Finland, nine principles have been developed. Nine principles of sustainable nature tourism are to be implemented in 2004 and they have been prepared paying attention to the character of these areas and the roles of the various actors, i.e. Metsähallitus, private entrepreneurs having their business there and all the stakeholders which are active within or close to these areas. The nine principles for sustainable nature tourism are as follows: 1) Nature values are preserved and the activities promote nature protection, 2) Minimum loading of the environment is assured, 3) Local culture and heritage are respected, 4) Customers’ appreciation and knowledge of nature are promoted, 5) Customers’ opportunities to find recreation in nature are enhanced, 6) Customers’ mental and physical wellbeing are reinforced, 7) Positive impacts are made on local economy and employment, 8) Communication and marketing are of high standard and carried out with a sense of responsibility and 9) Activities are planned and implemented in co-operation.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 320 Serial 2368  
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Author (up) Home, R.; Hunziker, M., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Urban semi-public spaces: Preferences for management scenarios and measures to enhance their acceptance Type
  Year 2010 Publication Recreation, tourism and nature in a changing world Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 5 - Proceedings Issue Pages 205-206  
  Keywords MMV5, urban greening, quality of life, biodiversity, flagship species, conjoint analysis  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 260 Serial 2770  
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Author (up) Höppner, C., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Participatory Planning of Recreational Areas – Landscape Development Concepts in Switzerland Type
  Year 2006 Publication Exploring the Nature of Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 3 - Proceedings Issue Pages 446-447  
  Keywords MMV3, Landscape development, participation, involvement, recreation  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 835 Serial 2540  
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Author (up) Hornickel, J.; Schaub, J. pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Comparison of visitor surveys gives useful insights: an example of the Kellerwald-Edersee National Park (Hesse) compared to the South Harz Nature Park (Thuringia) in Germany Type
  Year 2014 Publication The 7th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Local Community and Outdoor Recreation Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 7 - Proceedings Issue Pages 23-24  
  Keywords MMV7  
  Abstract  
  Call Number Serial 3055  
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Author (up) Hornigold, K., Lake, I., Dolman, P. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Modelling use of forest recreation routes, an application for woodlark (Lullulaarborea) conservation Type
  Year 2016 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 8 - Proceedings Issue Pages 157-160  
  Keywords MMV8  
  Abstract During the 20th century large parts of the UK were afforested to provide a strategictimber reserve (Peterken, 1993, pg. 85). Afforestation of open habitatsreduced the extent of unimproved grasslands, heathlands and wetlands, with consequent declines in associated species. To mitigate these impacts the UK Forestry Standard (Forestry Commission 2011) recommends a minimum 10% open space. In Thetford Forest (18,730 ha)the Forestry Commission is wideningverges along 278 km oftrackway to increaseopen habitat(current extent 7.1%) and createan ‘Open Habitat Network’ (OHN)to enhance habitat and population connectivity for rare and protected species(Armour-Chelu et al. 2014).In the present study we model recreational flow throughout theThetford Forest trackway networkto estimate DEs h-1on all elements of the proposed OHN. From estimatedthresholdsfor woodlark we quantify the number of trackway elements in the OHN unlikely to be colonised and therefore the potential loss of conservation benefit due to recreation. This tool is then used to assess mitigation through access point closure.  
  Call Number Serial 3908  
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Author (up) Hornigold, K.; Dolman, P.; Lake, I. pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Modelling current and future recreational demand in rural England; the development of tools to mitigate against potential conflicts with biodiversity Type
  Year 2014 Publication The 7th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Local Community and Outdoor Recreation Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 7 - Proceedings Issue Pages 55-57  
  Keywords MMV7  
  Abstract  
  Call Number Serial 3056  
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Author (up) Hose, T.A. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Re Cycling and Geotourism: an adventure approach to appreciating physical landscapes Type
  Year 2016 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 8 - Proceedings Issue Pages 408-411  
  Keywords MMV8  
  Abstract Europe’s present-day rich legacy of geological material in museums, universities, archives and libraries – its cultural geoheritage – is a consequence of its citizens’ 400 years of geological inquiry (Hose 2016a). Its recognised geosites and geomorphosites and their associated landforms, rocks, minerals and fossils (or geodiversity) – its natural geoheritage – populate both the historic and modern geological literature (Hose 2016b). The recognition that many of the literatures’ geosites and geomorphosites, and from which the specimens in the collections had been gathered, were lost, degraded or were no longer accessible led, from the mid-20th century, to the development of geoconservation measures to protect what was left (Hose 2008). Further, the recognition geology in general and geoconservation in particular were poorly regarded and understood by the public geologists and others, from the late 20th century, developed geotourism provision (Hose 2011, 2012), latterly with an emphasis on geoparks, indeed, it has been recognised that ‘In today’s economically stretched climate, tourists are a valuable source of local income. The encouragement of the tourist industry to include geodiversity within its remit is therefore high…’ (Burek 2012, 45). Whilst traditionally tourism provision has focussed on mass market provision there has been a growing interest in developing niche tourism (Novelli 2005) which can encompass geotourism (Hose 2005) and adventure tourism (Shephard & Evans 2005).  
  Call Number Serial 3989  
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Author (up) Hsu, Y.-C.; Fang, C.-P., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Encounter and Behavioral Norms of Hikers: A Study of the Taroko Gorge National Park, Taiwan Type
  Year 2006 Publication Exploring the Nature of Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 3 - Proceedings Issue Pages 365-366  
  Keywords MMV3, Encounter norms, embarrassment, guilt, informal sanction, internal sanction, norm crystallization, obligation, shame  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 768 Serial 2507  
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Author (up) Hsu, Y.-C.; Wang, C.-P.; Leung, Y.-F., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Integrating experience-based zoning into current management system in Yu Shan National Park Type
  Year 2010 Publication Recreation, tourism and nature in a changing world Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 5 - Proceedings Issue Pages 162-163  
  Keywords MMV5, zoning, indicator-based framework, Yu Shan National Park, Taiwan  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 34 Serial 2749  
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Author (up) Huhtala, M.; Kajala, L., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Local economic impacts of national park visitation in Finland Type
  Year 2010 Publication Recreation, tourism and nature in a changing world Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 5 - Proceedings Issue Pages 243-244  
  Keywords MMV5, economic impacts, visitor monitoring, national parks, nature recreation  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 174 Serial 2787  
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Author (up) Huhtala, M.T., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Assessment of Local Economic Impacts of Recreation: The Case of Pallas-Ounastunturi National Park Type
  Year 2006 Publication Exploring the Nature of Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 3 - Proceedings Issue Pages 393-394  
  Keywords MMV3, Economic impacts, recreation, visitor expenditure, input-output analysis  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 794 Serial 2520  
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Author (up) Hunt de Bie, K., Vesk, P., pdf  url
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Monitoring and management of bush camp grounds in an Australian national park Type
  Year 2012 Publication The 6th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Outdoor Recreation in Change – Current Knowledge and Future Challenges Abbreviated Journal NULL  
  Volume MMV 6 - Proceedings Issue NULL Pages 42-43  
  Keywords MMV6  
  Abstract NULL  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 390 Serial 2834  
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Author (up) Hunt, L.M.; Kushneriuk, R.; Lester, N., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Developing Agent-Based Models of Recreational Behaviours at a Landscape Scale: The Case of Recreational Fishing in Northern Ontario Type
  Year 2006 Publication Exploring the Nature of Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 3 - Proceedings Issue Pages 307-308  
  Keywords MMV3, Recreational fishing, agent-based model, landscape scale, repeated nested logit  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 734 Serial 2490  
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Author (up) Hunziker, M., Frick, J., Bauer, N., von, E., pdf  url
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Forest-preferences and recreation in Switzerland: Results from a nationwide survey Type
  Year 2012 Publication The 6th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Outdoor Recreation in Change – Current Knowledge and Future Challenges Abbreviated Journal NULL  
  Volume MMV 6 - Proceedings Issue NULL Pages 344-345  
  Keywords MMV6  
  Abstract NULL  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 527 Serial 2971  
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Author (up) Hunziker, M., Hubschmid, E., pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Experimental Long-Term Evaluation of a Campaign to Reduce Freeriding-Wildlife Conflicts of Snow Sports Type
  Year 2016 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 8 - Proceedings Issue Pages 30-32  
  Keywords MMV8  
  Abstract The appearance of outdoor recreation activities has increased significantly all over the world (Manning & Anderson, 2012) as well as in Switzerland (Hunziker et al., 2011). This development can lead to conflicts, in particular between snow-sports participants and native wildlife populations in subalpine areas (e.g. Arlettaz et al., 2007). The Swiss and Austrian campaign “Respektiere deine Grenzen” so far successfully reduced such conflicts by positively influencingthe respective behaviour of people who engage in ski-touring and snow-shoeing by means of information and sensitization (Immoos & Hunziker, 2015). However, it has been known that one group of snow-sports participants can hardly be influenced by such information campaigns, the so-called freeriders: skiers and snowboarders who use the transport facilities of ski resorts but ride down off the ski-runs (e.g. Zeidenitz et al. 2010). Thus, a specific freerider campaign, called “"respect wildlife”", was launched in Switzerland, focussing on this group using its media and language.  
  Call Number Serial 3869  
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Author (up) Hunziker, M.; Immoos, U. pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title The effect of wildlife-protection measures on winter-sports behaviour Type
  Year 2014 Publication The 7th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Local Community and Outdoor Recreation Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 7 - Proceedings Issue Pages 62-63  
  Keywords MMV7  
  Abstract  
  Call Number Serial 3057  
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Author (up) Hunziker, M.; Kleiner, A.; Freuler, B.; Arnberger, A. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Experimental long term evaluation of measures to reduce bikers-hikers conflicts – an example of an urban forest in Switzerland Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 336-338  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract As a measure to deal with the conflict, the City of Zürich 2005 built a bike trail to keep the bikers on a separate route. In addition, an accompanying information campaign was launched, and the transport of bikes on the train up to the Uetliberg mountain, where the trail starts, was banned. The aim of our study was to evaluate these management measures. To reach this aim, the following research questions had to be answered: 1. How was the acceptance of the management measures (trail, communication, bike-transport ban) taken by the authorities? 2. What was the actual effect (short and long-term) of the management measures regarding resolution of conflicts between hikers and bikers?  
  Call Number Serial 4155  
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Author (up) Hunziker, M.; Schletti, D., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title How to involve retailers into sensitization of end-users for ecologically responsible behavior – results of a snow-shoe-seller survey Type
  Year 2008 Publication Management for Protection and Sustainable Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 4 - Proceedings Issue Pages 116-120  
  Keywords MMV4, ecological conflicts, outdoor recreation, persuasion, questionnaire, theory of planned behavior  
  Abstract The outdoor activity snow-shoe walking is experiencing an increase in popularity and is more and more frequently practiced. This tendency represents a desirable development of soft tourism, contributes to the regional economical development of remote areas and enables people to experience pure nature. However, snow-shoe walking is rather problematic from the perspective of nature conservation. Therefore, the willingness of snow-shoe walkers to change their behavior has been investigated in several studies. One opportunity to influencing the behavior of snow-shoe walkers is when they buy or rent the snow shoes. However, the question remained whether shop owners and their staff are willing to adopt this role. The aim of our study was to answer this question and to identify the drivers of their willingness to contribute to persuading snow-shoe walkers to behave in an ecologically responsible way. A questionnaire was sent to 754 sports shops in Switzerland to measure the willingness to apply measures of persuasion and to measure the drivers of this willingness. The questionnaire data show that the willingness to contribute to persuasion campaigns is rather small. In particular, the potential for participation in the persuasion work is quite low for contributions that require high efforts or costs,. The variables “subjectively perceived social norms”, “attitude to the behavior” and “attitude to information about the protection of nature and landscape” represent the strongest predictors of the willingness to contribute to the campaign. On the basis of the results, suggestions for measures to persuade snow-shoe sellers to support persuasion of snow-shoe walkers were developed.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 940 Serial 2591  
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Author (up) Hunziker, M.; Zeidenitz, C., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Outdoor Leisure Activities: Motivation, Attitudes and Strategies Promoting Responsible Behaviour towards Nature and Landscape Type
  Year 2006 Publication Exploring the Nature of Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 3 - Proceedings Issue Pages 295-297  
  Keywords MMV3, Leisure, outdoor activities, motivations, attitudes, behaviour, social science, qualitative and quantitative methods, intervention experiments  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 726 Serial 2486  
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Author (up) Hupka, J., Czachs, C., Hruby, S., Brandenburg, C. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Gathering information about leisure and recreational activities in an open landscape setting Type
  Year 2016 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 8 - Proceedings Issue Pages 143-145  
  Keywords MMV8  
  Abstract A non-profit organisation, which is responsible for the conservation of a protected area, has commissioned the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna with the collection of data about visitor activities in an area, which is particularly valuable in terms of nature conservation. The data collection should take place within the framework of several master’s theses. Information about visitor numbers as well as the different types and intensities of recreational activities the visitors practice on the semi-aridgrassland had been the main focus of the monitoring. Besides the allowed leisure and recreational activities, also the prohibited practices and behaviours, such as driving on the semi-aridgrassland by bike or walking dogs without a leash, should be captured.  
  Call Number Serial 3904  
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Author (up) Husek, J.; Vitek, O., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Methodological basis for decision making of administration bodies in the field of tourism Type
  Year 2010 Publication Recreation, tourism and nature in a changing world Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 5 - Proceedings Issue Pages 296-297  
  Keywords MMV5, protected areas, management, administration  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 196 Serial 2808  
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Author (up) Hutter,H-P.; Eder,R.; Allex,B.; Arnberger,A.; Jansson,M.; Tappler,P.; Damm,L.; Kundi,M.; Wallner,P. pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title “Reloading my batteries” in grey places or green spaces? Cross-over experiment with adolescents in environments differing in closeness to nature – first results on wellbeing Type
  Year 2014 Publication The 7th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Local Community and Outdoor Recreation Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 7 - Proceedings Issue Pages 287-288  
  Keywords MMV7  
  Abstract  
  Call Number Serial 3058  
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Author (up) Ihlebæk, C., pdf  url
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Care farming – using the farm environment for rehabilitation Type
  Year 2012 Publication The 6th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Outdoor Recreation in Change – Current Knowledge and Future Challenges Abbreviated Journal NULL  
  Volume MMV 6 - Proceedings Issue NULL Pages 322-323  
  Keywords MMV6  
  Abstract NULL  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 517 Serial 2961  
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Author (up) Inge Vistad, O.; Vorkinn, M., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Wilderness purism revisited: The value of a simplified standardised scale for monitoring purposes Type
  Year 2010 Publication Recreation, tourism and nature in a changing world Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 5 - Proceedings Issue Pages 69-72  
  Keywords MMV5, visitor monitoring, wilderness purism, standardized questions  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 74 Serial 2710  
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Author (up) Ingolfsdottir, A.H.; Gunnarsdottir, G. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Tourism as a tool for nature conservation ? Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 171-173  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract The aim of this research is to explore the tension and conflicting interests between nature conservation, tourism and energy projects in Icelandic wilderness areas. Public discourses about new energy projects will be examined, using critical discourse analysis to tease out dominant ideas and underlying assumptions about the relationship between tourism, nature conservation and energy projects.  
  Call Number Serial 4094  
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Author (up) Ingram, C.; Hughes, M., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Managing the managers managing people: Lessons for recreation and water management in protected areas Type
  Year 2010 Publication Recreation, tourism and nature in a changing world Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 5 - Proceedings Issue Pages 298-299  
  Keywords MMV5, recreation, water catchments, planning, protected areas, climate change  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 194 Serial 2809  
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Author (up) Ishiuchi, T. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title A Study of Confort Evaluation using Brain Waves and Questionnaire Survey in Green Spaces CG Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 440-442  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract Here we quantified the difference between the healing effect and the stress reduction effect due to the difference in green amount in the CG space using an inexpensive electroencephalogram (electroencephalogram or electroencephalogram) device. Our aim was to quantitatively verify the healing and stress-reduction effects of these spaces by using EEG measurement and a psychological analysis performed with a questionnaire survey.  
  Call Number Serial 4188  
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Author (up) Ishiuchi, T., Kawamoto, Y., Huruie, I. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Study on Comfort Evaluation using Brain Waves and Questionnaire Survey in Outdoor Spaces Type
  Year 2016 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 8 - Proceedings Issue Pages 326-327  
  Keywords MMV8  
  Abstract Modern society can be stressful, and there is growing interest in the creation of comfortable living space. Many studies of urban space have focused on ways of creating relaxing space and comforting environments. For example, green space at highway rest facilities has been found to ease driver stress (Iwasaki et al., 2007). In recent years, devices for measuring biological information that were originally used in the field of medicine have become generally available and are being used in a variety of research fields. Research into the evaluation of urban space is no exception, and many researchers are now using biological information to quantify the effects of spatial recognition on the human body. Examples are the measurement of salivary amylase levels (Nakagawa et al., 2014) and brain waves in moving subjects (Miura et al., 2005). Here, we quantified the difference between the healing effects and stress-reduction effects of green space and general street space (including space at a train station), by a using inexpensive EEG (electroencephalography or “brain wave”) machine. Our aim was to quantitatively verify the healing and stress-reduction effects of these spaces by using EEG measurement and a psychological analysis performed with a questionnaire survey.  
  Call Number Serial 3962  
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Author (up) Ishiuchi, T.; Koyanagi, T.; Kuwahara, Y., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Researches on the Visitor’s Activities and the Barrier Status around Kairakuen Park Type
  Year 2006 Publication Exploring the Nature of Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 3 - Proceedings Issue Pages 448-455  
  Keywords MMV3, Tourism, visitor’s activities, Kairakuen Park, barrier-free  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 837 Serial 2541  
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Author (up) Ishiuchi, T.; Yonekura, T.; Koyanagi, T.; Kuwahara, Y., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Collection of users’ needs using Google Maps and mobilephone for park management Type
  Year 2010 Publication Recreation, tourism and nature in a changing world Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 5 - Proceedings Issue Pages 311-314  
  Keywords MMV5, park management, mobile-phone with GPS, word-of-mouth, user needs, utilization of park  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 136 Serial 2815  
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Author (up) Itami, R.; Raulings, R.; MacLaren, G.; Hirst, K.; Gimblett, R.; Zanon, D.; Chladek, P., pdf  url
openurl 
  Title RBSim 2: Simulating the Complex Interactions between Human Movement and the Outdoor Recreation Environment Type
  Year 2002 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 1 - Proceedings Issue Pages 191-198  
  Keywords MMV1  
  Abstract This paper describes advancements in recreation management using new technology that couples Geographic Information Systems (GIS) with Intelligent Agents to simulate recreation behaviour in real world settings. RBSim 2 (Recreation Behaviour Simulator) is a computer simulation program that enables recreation managers to explore the consequences of change to any one or more variables so that the goal of accommodating increasing visitor use is achieved while maintaining the quality of visitor experience. RBSim provides both a qualitative understanding of management scenarios by the use of map graphics from a GIS as well as a quantitative understanding of management consequences by generating statistics during the simulation. Managers are able to identify points of over crowding, bottlenecks in circulation systems, and conflicts between different user groups. RBSim 2 is a tool designed specifically for the purposes of simulating human recreation behaviour in outdoor environments. The software is designed to allow recreation researchers and managers to simulate any recreation environment where visitors are restricted to movement on a network (roads, trails, rivers, etc.). The software architecture is comprised of the following components: • GIS module to enter travel network, facilities, and elevation data • Agent module to specify tourist personality types, travel modes, and agent rules • Typical Trip planner to specify trips as an aggregation of entry/exit nodes, arrival curves, destinations and agents • Scenario designer to specify combinations of travel networks, and typical trip plans • Statistical module to specify outputs and summarize simulation results. This paper describes the RBSim software architecture with specific reference to the trip planning algorithms used by the recreation agents.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 470 Serial 2298  
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Author (up) Itami, R.M., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Level of Sustainable Activity: Moving Visitor Simulation from Description to Management Type
  Year 2006 Publication Exploring the Nature of Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 3 - Proceedings Issue Pages 193-195  
  Keywords MMV3, River traffic simulation, river traffic management, level of sustainable activity, RBSim, pattern of use simulation  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 665 Serial 2456  
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Author (up) Itami, R.M., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Level of sustainable activity: bottom up vessel traffic management Type
  Year 2008 Publication Management for Protection and Sustainable Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 4 - Proceedings Issue Pages 155-159  
  Keywords MMV4, Vessel Traffic Management, Level of Sustainable Activity, RBSim, Recreation Behaviour Simulation, Bottom Up Decision Making  
  Abstract This paper presents a decision-making framework called “Level of Sustainable Activity”(LSA) which is a user-based approach to vessel traffic planning and management of high volume multiple use urban waterways. The method is adapted from the US Federal Highway Administrations “Level of Service” for traffic capacity. However the LSA framework links user estimates of traffic density to quality of service objects and a risk management framework to identify social and environmental risk factors. The results of the method are then used to interpret simulations of existing and projected use for making management decisions. The LSA framework was developed to define traffic capacity to urban waterways, however a spinoff of the method has been improved stakeholder buy-in into the process and a much stronger basis for management decision making. This is a direct result of the “bottom up” approach taken to both developing behavioural simulation models and the methods of obtaining information from users for populating and validating the simulation model. This paper advocates the LSA approach for a wider range of management applications by taking a user-based approach for describing existing conditions, projecting future growth, identifying key issues, and developing management actions. A case study of a vessel traffic management plan for Hobson’s Bay in Melbourne, Australia is used to demonstrate the concepts described in this paper.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 956 Serial 2599  
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Author (up) Iten, S.; Siegrist, D., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Monitoring of Mountain Bikers in a Sensitive Bird Area around the Tanzboden, Switzerland Type
  Year 2006 Publication Exploring the Nature of Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 3 - Proceedings Issue Pages 367-369  
  Keywords MMV3, Visitor monitoring, mountain biking, user conflicts, protected areas, sensitive wildlife habitats  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 770 Serial 2508  
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