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Author (up) Gertsch, F.; Jager, E., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Parks Canada’s Framework for Recreational Activities Type
  Year 2006 Publication Exploring the Nature of Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 3 - Proceedings Issue Pages 163-164  
  Keywords MMV3, Recreational activities, assessment, national parks, integration, involvement  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 649 Serial 2448  
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Author (up) Gessner, S., Siegrist, D., pdf  url
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Financing of nature protection through nature-based tourism – the case of the European Alps Type
  Year 2012 Publication The 6th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Outdoor Recreation in Change – Current Knowledge and Future Challenges Abbreviated Journal NULL  
  Volume MMV 6 - Proceedings Issue NULL Pages 196-197  
  Keywords MMV6  
  Abstract NULL  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 461 Serial 2905  
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Author (up) Getz-Smeenk, A., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Highly underestimated risks of wildland fire in the rural-urban interface and the need for evacuation preparedness in recreational and protected areas in The Netherlands Type
  Year 2010 Publication Recreation, tourism and nature in a changing world Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 5 - Proceedings Issue Pages 225-226  
  Keywords MMV5, wildland fire, disaster management, visitor flows, recreational areas, protected areas, evacuation strategies  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 242 Serial 2779  
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Author (up) Ghelichipour, Z.; Muhar, A., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Visitor risk management in core zones of protected areas: First results from a survey of European park administrations Type
  Year 2008 Publication Management for Protection and Sustainable Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 4 - Proceedings Issue Pages 107-111  
  Keywords MMV4, Conservation regulations, European Protected Areas, Questionnaire, Visitor Risk Management  
  Abstract Effective visitor risk management practices play an important role in the management of outdoor recreation. Many forms of outdoor recreation have inherent risks associated with them, indeed for many recreational activities risk and challenge are integral components. In many European countries, the administrations of protected areas are legally liable for some kinds of visitors’ injuries, e.g. caused by falling trees or damaged handrails. Sometimes this liability may cause legal problems for the managers, as management measures (e.g. removal of trees) might be in conflict with conservation regulations. These problems are particularly serious in core zones of protected areas, because of their stronger conservation status. In this study, visitor safety management and likely conflicts with conservation regulations in different European protected areas has been surveyed. The findings imply that today visitor risk management is not considered as an important aspect of the management process in core zones of protected areas. This might change in the future: In many core zones of European parks regular forest management for timber production has only recently been discontinued, which will lead to an increased visitor risk when natural processes of ecosystem development take over.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 934 Serial 2589  
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Author (up) Gil, A.; Fonseca, C.; Nogeuira Mendes, R.; Magalhaes, M.F.; Pereira da Silva, C. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Visitation “barometer” as a tool for environmental management and awareness: the Berlengas nature reserve case study Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 200-203  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract This study aimed to: i) determine the number of visitors in Berlenga island – a baseline for carrying capacity adjustment, and ii) develop a Visitation ‘Barometer’ – a tool presented as a quality scale associated to the recreational pressure of the protected area, with the aim to provide information for management decisions and visual support to environmental awareness.  
  Call Number Serial 4105  
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Author (up) Gilbertson, K.; Olfelt, D.; Leversedge, P., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Visitor management and revegetation efforts on a degraded Lake Superior cliff edge Type
  Year 2004 Publication Policies, Methods and Tools for Visitor Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 2 - Proceedings Issue Pages 272-276  
  Keywords MMV2  
  Abstract Rock climbing has grown to be a major recreational sport in the United States. Yet, resource degradation caused by recreational rock climbing has become a controversial issue throughout the United States (Access Fund 1999). Some resource agencies such as the U.S. Forest Service, National Park Service, and Bureau of Land Management are struggling to establish functional management policies that allow appropriate rock climbing practices while protecting the natural resource (Devine 2001). Resource managers tend to favor restriction of climbing activities to protect the resource. Yet, without adequate understanding of rock climbing, this approach can become controversial. A less controversial approach toward rock climbing influences on natural resources can be to include the rock climbing community in management planning. The result can be increased protection of the resource while allowing recreational climbing to continue (Hynek 1999). In an effort to address both public recreational needs and to protect the natural resource of Shovel Point, a popular rock climbing site in Tettegouche State Park on the edge of Lake Superior in northeastern Minnesota, USA, a study was conducted during the summer of 1998 to identify types of recreational users, impacts from their use behaviors, and to survey climber attitudes toward a proposed management plan that would influence climbing on the site. The results of this study were implemented into a long range management plan that has resulted in modified climber impact on the environment and allows a rehabilitation of the site that is hoped to preserve the unique natural resource. Innovative vegetative rehabilitation of the climbing site has been successfully implemented. This is an excellent example of positive conflict resolution through research, management through public participation, and resource rehabilitation and protection.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 300 Serial 2358  
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Author (up) Gimblett, R.; Lynch, J.; Daniel, T.; Ribes, L.; Oye, G., pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Deriving Artificial Models of Visitors From Dispersed Patterns of Use in Sierra Nevada Wilderness Type
  Year 2002 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 1 - Proceedings Issue Pages 180-186  
  Keywords MMV1  
  Abstract Natural resource managers are faced with a complex problem of understanding human use patterns and associated impacts in dispersed recreation wilderness settings. This is further complicated by the subsequent synthesis and modeling of those behaviors that affect such patterns of use. While conventional approaches to modeling have limited use in acquiring and understanding such complex associations, spatial simulation models have been proposed as an alternative. The purpose of this paper is to describe a project whose focus is on a dispersed recreation context of backpacking trips and commercial packstock operations in the John Muir Wilderness in the Sierra Nevada Mountains in California. This paper will discuss the data collection and synthesis to derive agent profiles and rules as a precursor to the development of a dynamic, agent based model that represent the spatial distribution of visitation patterns.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 466 Serial 2296  
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Author (up) Gimblett, R.H.; Poe, A.; Lace, S.G., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Applying an Agent-Based Modelling Approach to Simulating Spring Black Bear Hunting Activities in Prince William Sound, Alaska Type
  Year 2006 Publication Exploring the Nature of Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 3 - Proceedings Issue Pages 305-306  
  Keywords MMV3, Agent-based modeling, recreation, wilderness, monitoring, simulation, management, human-landscape interactions  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 732 Serial 2489  
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Author (up) Ginelli, L. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Impact based management of recreational uses: a fair share of environmental effort ? A sociological Approach applied to two French national parks Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 215-217  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract This presentation focuses on the impact of nature-based activities on protected areas from an environmental sociology perspective. Without denying their ecological effects (Ng, Leung and al., 2018), this approach underlines that those impacts also raise social issues, as with all environmental considerations (Candau and Deldrève, 2015). We argue that managing these activities on the basis of their impact on the natural environment is an “environmental effort” for users, that is to say a socially differentiated and potentially unfair contribution of social actors to environmental protection policies (Deldrève and Candau, 2014).  
  Call Number Serial 4110  
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Author (up) Gloaguen, M. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Preserve and manage Mercantour National Park using pedestrian data collection Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 433-435  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract Mercantour National Park established a count data collection program more than ten years ago. Working with estimates was a first step towards a data-oriented management approach, but the need was bigger and lead to the development of a new count program a year ago. The goal was to be able to compare accurate, objective figures collected from automated counters with subjective user estimates on key trails in the area.  
  Call Number Serial 4186  
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Author (up) Godtman Kling, K.; Wall-Reinius, S.; pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Negotiating co-existence in a multifonctional landscape : trails as facilitators for communication Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 108-109  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract This research contributes to the existing literature on handling multiple land-use interests, and adds to previous knowledge by taking on a rather new approach; that of the recreational trail as a facilitator for communication  
  Call Number Serial 4073  
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Author (up) Gokhelashvili, R.; Azniashvili, L., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Birdwatching and Protected Areas of Georgia Type
  Year 2006 Publication Exploring the Nature of Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 3 - Proceedings Issue Pages 223-225  
  Keywords MMV3, Georgia, birdwatching, protected areas, assessment, nature resources management  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 681 Serial 2464  
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Author (up) Gokhelashvili, R.; Gavashelishvili, A.; Javakhishvili, Z.; Azniashvili, L., pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Tourism Infrastructure Planning in Tusheti National Park of Georgia Type
  Year 2002 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 1 - Proceedings Issue Pages 74-77  
  Keywords MMV1  
  Abstract This paper provides an example of using biodiversity information for tourism infrastructure and management planning in national parks to avoid conflicts between nature conservation, recreational goals, and other users. Within the area of the proposed Tusheti National Park in Georgia, we used field survey data of seventeen focal species within a GIS analytical environment to assess the consistency of planned management categories zoning and administrative and visitor infrastructure (including tourist trails) with biodiversity conservation requirements. A map, comprised of layers for each focal species, was overlaid onto maps of proposed zoning, infrastructure and tourist trails. Numerous conflicts in planning were detected and recommendations were made to improve zoning and infrastructure planning in the national park, and to minimize negative effects of tourism on biodiversity conservation.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 434 Serial 2280  
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Author (up) Gokita, R., Adachi, H., Terasaki, T., pdf  url
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Psychological benefits of visiting national parks in Japan Type
  Year 2012 Publication The 6th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Outdoor Recreation in Change – Current Knowledge and Future Challenges Abbreviated Journal NULL  
  Volume MMV 6 - Proceedings Issue NULL Pages 340-341  
  Keywords MMV6  
  Abstract NULL  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 525 Serial 2969  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Gokita, R., Kadowaki, M., Terasaki, T. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Effectiveness of Consensus-Building Methods Using Sustainable Tourism Indicators in the Collaborative Management of Japan’s National Parks: A Case Study of the Oku-Nikko Area in Nikko National Park Type
  Year 2016 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 8 - Proceedings Issue Pages 53-56  
  Keywords MMV8  
  Abstract Japans national parks are organized based on a regional land designation system that is not tied to land ownership or limited to the public use of the area. These areas are home to a significant number of people (600,000 people across 32 parks). Therefore, it is necessary for park management to accommodate the local residents daily living, economic activities, and the natural areas’ protection and use. Based on these circumstances, managing national parks appropriately requires building a consensus among and striving to win the cooperation of a variety of stakeholder organizations and individuals. This is not limited to only park officials, but also residents, businesses, and visitors. In Japanese national parks, there are venues to examine individual issues and conduct liaison and coordination functions. However, these venues are extraordinarily limited with regard to which have been established as places in which the greater park system’s stakeholders can come together (Tsuchiya, 2014).  
  Call Number Serial 3876  
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Author (up) Gokita,R. pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title An analysis of attitudes about paying user fees for nature areas in Japan Type
  Year 2014 Publication The 7th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Local Community and Outdoor Recreation Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 7 - Proceedings Issue Pages 298-299  
  Keywords MMV7  
  Abstract  
  Call Number Serial 3044  
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Author (up) Goldstein, S.; Surki, S.; Koriyat, E.; Nemtzov; S. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Collaboration with communities living next to protected areas, for the conservation of biodiversity, landscape and heritage in Israel Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 223-225  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract The Israel Nature and Parks Authority (INPA) is Israels government agency in charge of all legally protected areas (Nature Reserves and National Parks). The INPA has been working for many years in collaboration with local communities. This connection between the INPAs Nature Reserves and National Parks, and the local communities that live next to them, is a longstanding association with mutual implications. Over the years we have experienced a rise in the publics impact upon the environment. In order to protect biodiversity, landscapes and heritage over the long term, the INPA realizes that we must have the public as a cooperative partner.  
  Call Number Serial 4113  
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Author (up) Goossen, M. pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title New ideas for monitoring visitors Type
  Year 2014 Publication The 7th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Local Community and Outdoor Recreation Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 7 - Proceedings Issue Pages 121-122  
  Keywords MMV7  
  Abstract  
  Call Number Serial 3045  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Goossen, M. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Smart monitoring visitors National Parks Type
  Year 2016 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 8 - Proceedings Issue Pages 240-241  
  Keywords MMV8  
  Abstract The Dutch government is reintroducing policy for the 20 National Parks. The aim is to develop the National Parks into a strong brand. The reason behind it is the claim that a National Park contributes to the regional economy. There is a clear need from the managers of National Parks to understand how that contribution works. Insights from the external factors, combined with information about its current users and stakeholders and market research data will help the manager, but also local enterprises to choose relevant target markets. There is therefore a need for the development of a tool that brings the benefits of a National Park in a simple, affordable and reliable manner. The tool consists of Key Performance Indicators (KPI). Key Performance Indicators will determine how well the National park is meeting its objectives (Wearing & Schweinsberg, 2016).  
  Call Number Serial 3934  
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Author (up) Goossen, M., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title What do people want in National Landscapes Type
  Year 2008 Publication Management for Protection and Sustainable Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 4 - Proceedings Issue Pages 211-211  
  Keywords MMV4, European Landscape Convention, protection, policy, Netherlands  
  Abstract The European Landscape Convention (ELC) is the first European Treaty that is aimed specifically at the landscape. The aims of this Convention are to promote landscape protection, management and planning. A main point is that the landscape contributes to the shaping of local cultures. Landscape is a basic component of European nature and cultural heritage. Landscape contributes to the well-being of people and the strengthening of the European identity. This produces everyone rights and responsibilities for protection, management and planning of the landscape. The ELC promotes the involvement of citizens at “their” landscape and stimulates the regional and national governments in Europe to create good conditions for the development and the management of the landscape. The ELC cover all landscapes, urban or rural, nicely or ugly. On the 10th of June 2005 the Dutch minister of Agriculture, Nature and Food quality announced that The Netherlands will ratify the European Landscape Convention. The Dutch landscape policy has been renewed and is entirely in line with this Convention. There are 20 National Landscapes in the Netherlands, which cover approx. 25% of the surface. In the Netherlands important spatial changes are in preparation, varying from new house construction projects to catching the impact of climate change. So involvement of citizens is very important. Therefore the government was interested in the opinion of inhabitants of these National Landscapes, and what their attitude is and what their preferences are. An on-line research with 4000 respondents was carried out to give the answers. The most important result is that the inhabitants agree with the policy. Their attitude is that (economic) development must continue, but with great care of the typical characteristics of the landscape. The preferences depend on the different recreation motives, but the desire for nature development is very popular.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 978 Serial 2610  
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Author (up) Goossen, M., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Development of recreational areas using spheres of experiences Type
  Year 2010 Publication Recreation, tourism and nature in a changing world Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 5 - Proceedings Issue Pages 87-88  
  Keywords MMV5, experience, motives, design, recreation  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 56 Serial 2717  
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Author (up) Goossen, M., de, T., pdf  url
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Method for managing visitor experiences Type
  Year 2012 Publication The 6th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Outdoor Recreation in Change – Current Knowledge and Future Challenges Abbreviated Journal NULL  
  Volume MMV 6 - Proceedings Issue NULL Pages 310-311  
  Keywords MMV6  
  Abstract NULL  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 512 Serial 2956  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Goossen, M., Franke, J., Meeuwsen, H., de-Jong, A., pdf  url
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Myplacetobe.eu – A smart way to collect landscape preferences Type
  Year 2012 Publication The 6th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Outdoor Recreation in Change – Current Knowledge and Future Challenges Abbreviated Journal NULL  
  Volume MMV 6 - Proceedings Issue NULL Pages 156-157  
  Keywords MMV6  
  Abstract NULL  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 442 Serial 2886  
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Author (up) Goossen, M.; Elands, B.; Van Marwijk, R., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Preface – Recreation, tourism and nature in a changing world Type
  Year 2010 Publication Recreation, tourism and nature in a changing world Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 5 - Proceedings Issue Pages 11-12  
  Keywords MMV5  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 284 Serial 2683  
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Author (up) Goossen, M.; Uphus, L. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Visitors counting combining new technologies; PIR and LoRa with Arduino Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 116-117  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract The nature area ‘Het Renkums Beekdal’ in the Netherlands consists of a linear north-south valley with fringing forest on the hills to its East and West. They don’t have the financial resources to be able to use most of the currently available methods, so they therefore need new cost-effective technology that can count the visitors effectively and accurately. We therefore searched for open source methods and new techniques.  
  Call Number Serial 4076  
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Author (up) Graefe, A., Blair, J.C.E., Ferguson, M., Mowen, A. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Using Photo Elicitation to Understand Hiker Perceptions of Energy and Communication Related Development Along the Appalachian Trail Type
  Year 2016 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 8 - Proceedings Issue Pages 152-153  
  Keywords MMV8  
  Abstract As a result of a growing population, the demand for energy and communication related development has increased. Development needs inadvertently fall within boundaries or cut-through protected areas (i.e., national park units). Understanding impacts resulting from energy and communication related infrastructure development on an individual’s recreational experience is important to resource management agencies such as the National Park Service (NPS). Specifically, with eight power-lines stretching over 2,000 miles through six states associated with the Appalachian Trail (AT), understanding the impact of energy and communication related development is of increased concern. The purpose of this presentation is to provide results of a photo-elicitation study conducted with AT users in conjunction with the NPS and Appalachian Trail Conservancy (ATC) to determine hiker perceptions towards various energy and communication related infrastructure.  
  Call Number Serial 3906  
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Author (up) Graefe, A., Mowen, A., Kerstetter, D., pdf  url
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title A method of correcting over-reporting and under-reporting bias in monitoring state park visitation among the general population Type
  Year 2012 Publication The 6th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Outdoor Recreation in Change – Current Knowledge and Future Challenges Abbreviated Journal NULL  
  Volume MMV 6 - Proceedings Issue NULL Pages 91-91  
  Keywords MMV6  
  Abstract NULL  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 412 Serial 2856  
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Author (up) Graefe,A.R.; Burns,R.C. pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Oregon dunes national recreation area, USA: a trend examination of trip characteristics, crowding, and satisfaction levels (2002, 2006, and 2011) Type
  Year 2014 Publication The 7th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Local Community and Outdoor Recreation Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 7 - Proceedings Issue Pages 251  
  Keywords MMV7  
  Abstract  
  Call Number Serial 3046  
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Author (up) Granet, A.M.; Cordellier, M.; Dobré, M. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Nature based sports in forests areas in France. Results from the 2015 French National Survey “Forests and Society” Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 255-257  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract Outdoor physical activities and nature-based sports are an important part of forest recreation. With their increase and diversification, foresters are facing new challenges to manage and sometimes limit these sport practices in forested environments whereas local communities are often interested in their development as part of an eco-touristic economy. In this context, the ONF chose to focus on physical activities and nature-based sports in the 2015 Forest and society national survey. This part of the survey was implemented on a 2000 people sample representing the French population aged 15 and more  
  Call Number Serial 4124  
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Author (up) Griffin, T.; Moore, S.A.; Darcy, S.; Crilley, G., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Developing a national approach to visitor data collection, management and use for protected areas: thoughts from Australian research and practice Type
  Year 2008 Publication Management for Protection and Sustainable Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 4 - Proceedings Issue Pages 305-309  
  Keywords MMV4, Benchmarking, national approach, performance indicators, protected area management, visitor data  
  Abstract Information on visitor numbers, activities, expectations and satisfaction is vital for protected areas managers on two counts: to assist in the provision of the services and facilities that visitors need and want; and to determine if managers have been efficient and effective in meeting these demands. This paper builds on a recently completed national study in Australia of visitor data collection and usage, and the future visitor data needs, of protected area management agencies. Australia is a federation of states and provides a challenging backdrop for developing a national approach as most responsibilities for protected areas rest with the states rather than the national government. Thus, the success of such an approach rests on cooperation rather than an overarching national regulatory responsibility. The study found that all protected area agencies collected visitor data, however, their approaches were highly variable in what was measured, how the measurements were applied and how data were managed and used. This variability was problematic because it becomes very difficult to determine issues of general importance for protected area management or to benchmark performance across areas. Based on these findings and knowledge of the institutional settings for protected area management in Australia, this paper poses some ideas for progressing a national approach for standardising the measures and measurement of key variables so that comparisons and benchmarking become possible and reliable. Core and supplementary visitor data variables can be identified, with the former being of national interest and hence requiring collection and storage under national coordination and guidance. Implementing such an approach will require working creatively and collaboratively within the current institutional settings.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 1024 Serial 2633  
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Author (up) Grigel, F.P., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Plus ça change, plus c’est la même chose: visit types across Canada’s National Parks Type
  Year 2008 Publication Management for Protection and Sustainable Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 4 - Proceedings Issue Pages 310-314  
  Keywords MMV4, Behaviour patterns, national parks, latent class modelling, trip diaries, activities  
  Abstract Parks Canada is continuing to use latent class analysis to identify behaviour-based ‘visit type’ segments (created through the analysis of reported activities and the places visited) in different national parks. The current paper reviews three studies conducted in different national parks. We will discuss improvements in the efficiency of data collection and highlight the consistency in visit type segments across different national parks. The appearance of consistent visit type segments across national parks serves to reinforce Parks Canada’s move to behaviour-based segmentation. These visit type segments contrast with the different visitor profiles of each national park (as measured by origin and motivations for visiting). Identifying consistent visit type segments across different national parks allows Parks Canada to develop regional-level programs and products for each of these groups, rather than continuing to develop products for each park in isolation.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 1026 Serial 2634  
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Author (up) Grinfelde, I., Livina, A. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Enhancing vitality of young students by integrated experience-based outdoor education methods Type
  Year 2016 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 8 - Proceedings Issue Pages 489-492  
  Keywords MMV8  
  Abstract In the present study the particular case of Vidzeme University of Applied Sciences Tourism and Leisure studies (founded in 1996, Valmiera, Latvia) will be used to present the experience of integration of outdoor physical activities in the study program with a focus on development of skills knowledge and reduction of institutional barriers for physical activities. Despite the fact that a good physical condition is not only a personal issue, but also a professional precondition in case of tourism, the research of Grinberga (2016) reveals that 70% of students identify their lifestyle as sedentary and inactive (11% with 0 activity), 45% of respondents said that they do some outdoor activities because of the added value of natural surroundings. The most common problems related to physical inactivity that students mentioned is back pain, decrease of physical fitness, (difficulty to move, muscle weakness etc.), also weight gain, poor immunity and sickness, pain in the neck, apathy. In their comments about the reasons for inactivity students mention lack of time due to the intensive lecture schedule which could be interpreted as an organizational barrier.  
  Call Number Serial 4014  
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Author (up) Grossmann, M.; Klaphake, A.; Meyerhoff, J., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Canoes versus birds or canoeists versus canoeists? Combining interview survey and visitor monitoring to inform visitor management in the Mueritz National Park Type
  Year 2004 Publication Policies, Methods and Tools for Visitor Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 2 - Proceedings Issue Pages 277-284  
  Keywords MMV2  
  Abstract Intensive use of canoeing trails in national parks can impact both wildlife and the satisfaction of paddlers. This paper focuses on paddlers’ perception of congestion in the National Park Mueritz (Germany) and the effectiveness of different management options. Our theoretical discussion is based on the economics of congestion and the social science literature on carrying capacity of recreational resources. For the empirical application, we use interview survey and monitoring data. While our results suggest a high relevance of congestion on canoeists’ satisfaction, the acceptance of a quota system does not exceed 30 percent. We employ a statistical analysis to describe the effect of different use levels on the quality of the paddling experience. We further use the travel cost method for a rough prediction of the effect of pricing strategies (entrance fee) on use levels.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 302 Serial 2359  
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Author (up) Growcock, A.J.; Pickering, C.M.; Johnston, S.W., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Trampling after Landscape Level Disturbance: Impacts on Subalpine Vegetation and Soils in the Australian Alps Type
  Year 2006 Publication Exploring the Nature of Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 3 - Proceedings Issue Pages 107-108  
  Keywords MMV3, Trampling, subalpine, bushfires, recovery, visitation, protected areas, sustainability, Australia  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 620 Serial 2434  
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Author (up) Gruas, L.; Perrin-Malterre, C. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title In-depth knowledge of visitors: a key element to awarness raising in the context of environmental controversy in protected areas Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 90-91  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract This talk offers to present the early results of a research lead in three French alpine mountain ranges of various protection statuses with summer and winter recreationists. The aim is to gain in-depth knowledge of these visitors to understand which factors determine their perception of wildlife disturbance. This expertise of visitors will allow managers to improve the actions implemented on the territories and to target them better with awareness-raising campaigns.  
  Call Number Serial 4066  
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Author (up) Gstaettner, A.M.; Philipps, M.; Kobryn, H.; Rodger, K.; Lee, D. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Making use of visitor incident data in Karijini National Park: A western Australian case study Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 339-341  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract This paper illustrates, using Karijini National Park in Western Australia as an example, how the information obtained from incident recording and analysis systems has been used to inform and justify management decisions  
  Call Number Serial 4156  
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Author (up) Gstaettner, A.M.; Weiler, B.; Rodger, K.; Lee, D. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Exploring responsability sharing between visitors and managers: Results of a Delphi study Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 436-439  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract The management of visitor safety is multifaceted and complex, and ambiguity often exists in terms of whether and how much individual visitors share responsibility for their safety with park management authorities (Rickard 2012). In an effort to explore the perspectives of protected area managers, a qualitative study has been conducted to explore the concept of responsibility-sharing in recreational and protected areas in Australia. The study sought to answer questions such as: who shares responsibility for visitor safety in protected areas; why are responsibilities shared; and how may responsibility-sharing vary across different visitation contexts at different sites?  
  Call Number Serial 4187  
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Author (up) Gudmundsson, R. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Analyses of overseas tourists in Vatnajokull National Park, Iceland 2010-2015 Type
  Year 2016 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 8 - Proceedings Issue Pages 303-304  
  Keywords MMV8  
  Abstract The number of overseas tourists visiting Iceland has grown from 500.000 in the year 2010 to nearly 1.300.000 in the year 2015, which means a 160% growth in five years. In 2010 52% of the tourists came to Iceland in the three summer months (June, July, August) but 48% the other nine months of the year (off season). In 2015 only 41% came in the summer months but 59% outside the summer season.  
  Call Number Serial 3954  
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Author (up) Gulic, J., Struc, S., Debeljak Sabec, N. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Monitoring of disturbances in the natural environment on Pohorje Mountain (Slovenia) Type
  Year 2016 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 8 - Proceedings Issue Pages 89-91  
  Keywords MMV8  
  Abstract This paper deals with the monitoring of disturbances (motorized vehicles, snowmobiles, bikes) in the natural environment on Pohorje Mountain range (Slovenia) and presenting implemented activities dealing with visitor management in the area. Activities were carried out through the project SUPORT – Sustainable Management of Pohorje area (EEA Financial Mechanism and Norwegian Financial Mechanism 2009-2014 in Slovenia, EEAG 4300-346/2014, Y2015-2016) and transferring management planning process into ongoing project LIFE TO GRASLANDS – Conservationand management ofdrygrasslands in EasternSlovenia (LIFE 14 NAT/SI/000005).The project focusedtowards efficient management and monitoring of Natura 2000 sites. One of the work packages of the project included zoning of space on the appropriateness of human activity in the natural environment.With Ferro-magnetic sensors, we have monitored disturbances in the natural environment. The sensors tracked the frequency of disturbances in the natural environment and on forest roads, where traffic is only permitted for forest management  
  Call Number Serial 3887  
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Author (up) Gulič, J.; Štruc,S.; Šabec,N.D. pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Monitoring and management of visitors on Pohorje Mountain active raised bogs (Slovenia) Type
  Year 2014 Publication The 7th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Local Community and Outdoor Recreation Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 7 - Proceedings Issue Pages 175-176  
  Keywords MMV7  
  Abstract  
  Call Number Serial 3047  
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