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Author (up) Chang, C.-Y.; Tang, H.-F., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Recreational Impacts on Nature-Based Recreational Areas Type
  Year 2006 Publication Exploring the Nature of Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 3 - Proceedings Issue Pages 440-441  
  Keywords MMV3, Recreational impacts, natural based, landscape ecology, activities  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 829 Serial 2537  
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Author (up) Chao, C.-L.; Wang, H.-H., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Alternative Index of Carrying Capacity in Nature Tourism: The Relationships between Stakeholders’ Emotional Labor and Carrying Capacity of Community-Based Nature Tourism in Atayal Smangus Tribe, Taiwan Type
  Year 2006 Publication Exploring the Nature of Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 3 - Proceedings Issue Pages 442-443  
  Keywords MMV3, Recreational Carrying Capacity, Emotional Labor, System simulation, visitor management  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 831 Serial 2538  
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Author (up) Chazée, L., Réquier Desjardins, M., Khechimi, W. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Monitoring Recreational and Educational Services Provided by Mediterranean Wetlands: How Natural Capital Impact Human and Social Capital? Type
  Year 2016 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 8 - Proceedings Issue Pages 49-52  
  Keywords MMV8  
  Abstract Since 2011, the Mediterranean Wetlands Observatory (MWO) is a wetlands management tool of the MedWet regional Initiative (1991) working under the umbrella of the Ramsar convention (1971) and managed by the Tour du Valat Institute for Research and Conservation of Wetlands (TdV). MWO is developing its first indicator on cultural ecosystem services as an “impact” indicator to be integrated in the DPSIR (Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response) conceptual model adopted by MWO. The overarching objective of this indicator is to develop additional advocacy based on sound scientific work among local and national decision-makers as well as planners involved in development options achievement and territorial management. This indicator also intends to help site managers to adapt their services to recreational and educational visitors. It aims concretely at measuring how ecosystem services biophysical value and function of wetlands provide human and social advantages to societies.  
  Call Number Serial 3875  
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Author (up) Chazee, L.; Requier-Desjardins, M. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Elaboration and implementation of a cultural services indicator of impacts in the Mediterranean: a first diagnosis Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 278-280  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract The purpose of this presentation is to develop on the original results that have been obtained, based on the first review of the available data for OZHM sites: 27 sites that have significantly contributed to this project will therefore be considered in this study. Specifically, 6 sites in the non-EU Balkans countries (Albania, Montenegro, and Serbia), 8 in the Maghreb (Algeria and Tunisia), 4 in the Middle-East (Lebanon and Jordan) and 9 in Europe (France, Slovenia, Croatia) are considered. The needed information is collected mainly from the 27 sites managers and a total of 3986 visitor questionnaires, with an average of 148 visitor questionnaires per site.  
  Call Number Serial 4133  
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Author (up) Chekalina, T., Fuchs, M. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Mobile Apps as nature based tourism experience facilitators: A conceptual approach Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 243-245  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract The primary focus of the paper is on the value-creation potential of both content and the various elements of mobile apps functionalities. We argue that mobile applications show the capacity to enhance major aspects of the NBT experience, such as emotional, social and epistemic value, as well as excellence, efficiency and safety (Chekalina, Fuchs, and Lexhagen, 2018).  
  Call Number Serial 4120  
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Author (up) Chiari, S.; Schmid, F.; Muhar, A.; Muhar, S., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Recreational functions of rivers in Austria: an approach to the visitors’ perspective Type
  Year 2008 Publication Management for Protection and Sustainable Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 4 - Proceedings Issue Pages 247-251  
  Keywords MMV4, Behaviour, preferences, requirements, river recreation, user survey  
  Abstract In the past Austrian rivers faced a series of human impacts leading to a loss of both ecological and social functionality. River restoration measures aim to improve this functionality, however, they are currently mostly targeted at ecological functions rather than at recreation. To prevent conflicts between ecological integrity and recreational needs integrated river management is demanded. So far river recreation in Austria is an unknown quantity, as profound data are lacking. The range of present river-based recreational activities can only roughly be estimated. The ongoing project “Future options for the development of riverine landscapes – space requirements for multifunctionality” aims to fill this gap. Concerning recreationists’ dispersion, behaviour and preferences data is collected along three rivers (Enns, Drau, Lech). The first step of the methodological approach was an explorative preparatory study conducted in 2007. Qualitative face-to-face interviews should clarify which factors influence river recreationists in terms of how they perceive the river, what they appreciate about the setting and what compromises their quality of experience. Based on these results a semi-standardised questionnaire was developed for a quantitative survey conducted in 2008, covering topics such as visitation motives, use patterns, habits, and perceptive aspects using image-based choice statements. Additionally the extent of river recreation is assessed via peak-day observations documenting recreational characteristics like number of visits, length of stay and activities. Preliminary results indicate that most people associate calmness and relaxation with river recreation rather than adventure and action. In particular, the acoustic scenery and certain natural attributes play a major role. Most people state, that they prefer natural river sections for recreational purposes. However, some ecologically valuable features such as woody debris seem to bother them. Further steps aim to identify key factors for the usability of rivers, integrating both objective factors such as the biophysical setting and subjective issues such as aesthetics and personal preferences.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 998 Serial 2620  
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Author (up) Chilman, K.; Wadzinski, L.; West, A., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title A new recreation visitor inventory that parallels other resource inventories Type
  Year 2008 Publication Management for Protection and Sustainable Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 4 - Proceedings Issue Pages 301-304  
  Keywords MMV4, Decision-making, management, public participation, visitor inventory  
  Abstract A Rapid Assessment Visitor Inventory (RAVI) has been developed for inexpensively obtaining representative samples of place-specific visitor numbers and perceptions of attributes of their visit experience. It has been tested in 13 studies on 7 federal and state parks and conservation areas in 4 states. The inventory data are used by field-level managers in decision meetings with other persons in the management organization and with individuals and groups external to the organization. Examples of the application and use of a RAVI study, and a repeat measurement for monitoring purposes are discussed.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 1022 Serial 2632  
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Author (up) Chuo, H.-Y., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title The Adoption of Social Carrying Capacity for the Management of Theme Park Settings Type
  Year 2006 Publication Exploring the Nature of Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 3 - Proceedings Issue Pages 179-182  
  Keywords MMV3, Crowding norms, theme parks, Taiwan  
  Abstract In order to manage the quality of visitor experience, social carrying capacity has been prevailingly applied to the planning of contemporary parks and natural environments. The common underlying logic of the applications is that carrying capacity can be determined through the identification of management objectives and associated indicators and standards of quality. Indicators can be monitored over time and carrying capacity is reached once standards have been reached. In this study, visitors’ “reported queuing time” for using their favorite facilities in theme parks was adopted as the indicator. Accordingly, visitors’ crowding norms, the queuing-norm-crowding relationship, and the applicability of social carrying capacity to the management of theme park settings were analyzed and discussed respectively.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 659 Serial 2453  
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Author (up) Cihar, M.; Gorner, T., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Seasonal differences in visitor perceptions: a comparative study of three mountainous national parks in Central Europe Type
  Year 2010 Publication Recreation, tourism and nature in a changing world Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 5 - Proceedings Issue Pages 203-204  
  Keywords MMV5, sustainable tourism, national parks, biosphere reserve, Natura 2000, indicators  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 262 Serial 2769  
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Author (up) Cihar, M.; Stursa, J.; Trebicky, V., pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Monitoring of Tourism in the Czech National Parks Type
  Year 2002 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 1 - Proceedings Issue Pages 240-245  
  Keywords MMV1  
  Abstract Recreational and tourist exploitation of selected parts of four Czech National Parks has been investigated since the year 1997. The article presents cross-section data from 2000. During a nine-day period in the high summer season the basic quantitative census of tourists, cyclists and cars on selected crossroads of tourist paths in the core area of national parks had been carried out and qualitative characteristics, opinions and attitudes of visitors were evaluated. Relation between socio-demographic structure of visitors and their behaviour and attitudes to conservation management activities of the national park’s Authorities was analysed using a special type of a questionnaire based on interviews with a random and representative sample of visitors. There are evident differences between various National Parks (Krkonose, Sumava, Podyji, Ceske Svycarsko) and between the attitudes of foreign visitors and Czech visitors. Investigation has been focused also on local inhabitants and elected representatives of local communities. Results are used by NP Authorities within the process of estimation of ecological and psychological carrying capacity as well as the one of appropriate indicators of sustainable development of the Czech National Parks. Monitoring will continue in the next years.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 484 Serial 2305  
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Author (up) Cihar, M.; Trebický, V., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Framework of indicators for evaluation of long-term environmental, social and economic changes in Czech National Parks Type
  Year 2010 Publication Recreation, tourism and nature in a changing world Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 5 - Proceedings Issue Pages 195-196  
  Keywords MMV5, sustainability indicators, tourism monitoring, national parks, sustainable development  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 146 Serial 2765  
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Author (up) Cihar, M.; Trebicky, V.; Stankova, J., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Stakeholder’s monitoring and involvement: management option for Sumava National Park (Czech Republic) Type
  Year 2008 Publication Management for Protection and Sustainable Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 4 - Proceedings Issue Pages 271-276  
  Keywords MMV4, Local people, management, monitoring, nature tourism, public administration, visitors  
  Abstract The paper presents the results of long-term monitoring and surveys of three major stakeholder’s groups in Sumava National Park (SNP) – visitors, local people and public administration (mayors). SNP is the largest Czech national park situated in the southeast part of the country. In 1990s and 2000s the park became a popular nature tourism destination, mainly for domestic visitors. Views and attitudes of stakeholder groups to conservation and environmental management activities were analysed and compared. Primary data was statistically treated using the χ2 test for evaluation of homogeneity of results from different years of monitoring and different stakeholder groups. The results show that management, development and nature tourism in SNP went through significant changes over the last ten years. Monitoring of stakeholder’s opinions and attitudes and their involvement in a local decision making process is crucial for development of a new management plan of SNP.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 1010 Serial 2626  
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Author (up) Cil, A., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Biodiversity action plans as a way towards local sustainable development Type
  Year 2010 Publication Recreation, tourism and nature in a changing world Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 5 - Proceedings Issue Pages 197-198  
  Keywords MMV5, biodiversity and ecosystem services, local biodiversity action plan (LBAP), eco-tourism, Western Balkans  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 144 Serial 2766  
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Author (up) Cimbaljevic, M., Milentijevic, N. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title ICT in promoting and interpretation in protected areas – example of Serbian national parks Type
  Year 2016 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 8 - Proceedings Issue Pages 82-83  
  Keywords MMV8  
  Abstract In recent years, the role of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the environment protection and promotion has attracted great attention. ICT can improve the understanding of environmental issues in humans, as well as their political implications. In research, ICT application is generally considered as a way to use this technology for the benefit of the environment. Today, communication processes are strongly associated with the use of Web 2.0 tools, working on desktop computers and mobile devices. Such advantages and challenges of modern ICT’s are quite relevant for large protected areas (e.g. national parks). Nonetheless, destination success depends on its capacity to create and promote the competitive tourism product according to preferences and requirements of potential and existing demand. For these purposes, in addition to ICT’s, geographic information systems (GIS) play an important role.  
  Call Number Serial 3885  
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Author (up) Claeys, C.; Deldreve, V., pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Outdoor, Conservation and environmental inequalities Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 2-3  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract Concerning this double challenge of nature protection versus social equity, this article proposes an analysis in terms of environmental inequalities. The concept of environmental inequalities gathers different forms of unequal access to resources and natural amenities, exposure to risk, environmental impact, ability to participate in and reap the benefits of environmental policies, and contribution to the effort required by these policies  
  Call Number Serial 4037  
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Author (up) Clarke, R.; Liley, D.; Sharp, J., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Linking housing and access: visitor numbers on internationally important heathland sites in southern England Type
  Year 2010 Publication Recreation, tourism and nature in a changing world Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 5 - Proceedings Issue Pages 117-118  
  Keywords MMV5, Dorset, heath, visitors, nightjar, housing, urban  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 230 Serial 2730  
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Author (up) Clemetsen, M.; Barane, J., pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Storytelling as an intermediary between local communities and visitors in nature-based tourism Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 36-38  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract In this paper, we will present and discuss methods to identify and activate potential resources for integrated tourism and community development and wellbeing, particularly using storytelling as a way to reveal resources and to focus on integrity and the ethical aspects of NBT  
  Call Number Serial 4049  
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Author (up) Clivaz, C., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title The Pfyn-Finges Park (Valais/Switzerland): What Repercussions on the Regional Economy? Type
  Year 2006 Publication Exploring the Nature of Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 3 - Proceedings Issue Pages 385-386  
  Keywords MMV3, Regional nature park, economic impacts, regional development, nature tourism, visitor behaviours  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 786 Serial 2516  
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Author (up) Clivaz, C.; Favre, N., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Valais excellence: a system to better manage visitor flows during sport events Type
  Year 2008 Publication Management for Protection and Sustainable Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 4 - Proceedings Issue Pages 102-106  
  Keywords MMV4, Impact analysis, Management system, Sport events  
  Abstract The tourist areas seek more and more to organize (outdoor) sport events. These events generate many impacts from the point of view of sustainable development. Often proceeding in rural and/or protected landscapes, their environmental impact must be managed in an optimal way by the organizers. In the same time, these events have to maximize their social and economic benefits for the host area. This paper presents the management system “Valais excellence” developed in Switzerland and discusses its contribution to a sustainable management of the various impacts of sport events.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 932 Serial 2588  
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Author (up) Clivaz, C.; Hausser, Y.; Michelet, J., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Tourism monitoring system based on the concept of carrying capacity – The case of the regional natural park Pfyn-Finges (Switzerland) Type
  Year 2004 Publication Policies, Methods and Tools for Visitor Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 2 - Proceedings Issue Pages 230-235  
  Keywords MMV2  
  Abstract The creation of regional natural parks offers the possibility of improving the economic situation of peripheral regions. However, the use of ecologically sensitive zones for tourism purposes also presents economic, environmental and social problems. The concept of carrying capacity is often presented as a useful approach for determining the intensity of tourism development that can be supported by a region. Our objective thus consisted in the operationalisation of this concept by defining a certain number of indicators to measure the different types of carrying capacity. However, the confrontation with the practical realities of the regional natural park Pfyn-Finges in Switzerland made us realise that what we intended to do was more a stylistic exercise than a setup of a management tool adapted to the needs of the park managers. We thus conclude that even though the concept of carrying capacity may have a high heuristic value, its practical value is rather limited.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 342 Serial 2379  
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Author (up) Cocchi, P., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Preface Type
  Year 2008 Publication Management for Protection and Sustainable Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 4 - Proceedings Issue Pages 9-9  
  Keywords MMV4  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 879 Serial 2562  
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Author (up) Coch, T., pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Observing visitors behaviour as a methodical alternative to questionnaires – a proposal Type
  Year 2002 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 1 - Proceedings Issue Pages 474-477  
  Keywords MMV1  
  Abstract Basing on case studies in South-West- and North-East-Germany techniques of hidden observation such as observing visitors behaviour with binoculars from far distance are discussed. Their origin in ethological field studies is reflected, ethical aspects are mentioned and the conditions to produce valid data are qualified. Especially in case of analysing non-legal behaviours direct questionnaires are often not be able to clear whether serious damages in the protection areas are resulting or not. Also the intentions of “breaking the rules” cannot be reflected totally by socio-empiric methods. On the other hand behaviour observations require a lot of time and energy and should be limited on serious indications because of ethical aspects. So it is necessary to describe conditions and cases, where observing techniques can be implemented successfully.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 568 Serial 2346  
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Author (up) Colas, S.; Fitton, M.; Thaxter, P., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title The progress project: the dynamics of involving the public in managing Peri-Urban Forests Type
  Year 2008 Publication Management for Protection and Sustainable Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 4 - Proceedings Issue Pages 165-168  
  Keywords MMV4  
  Abstract The EU Forest Action Plan gives special emphasis to the benefits of Urban and Peri-urban forests for public recreation and as an aid to public understanding of conservation issues. At the same time forest and green recreation is being promoted in national agendas because of perceived therapeutic benefits. This strong promotion of forest recreation has re-kindled the concerns that recreation use would damage the resource and have major detrimental impact on biodiversity. The PROGRESS project, which focussed on two peri-urban forests in England and France, offered the opportunity to review these issues.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 962 Serial 2602  
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Author (up) Cole, D.N., pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Simulation of Recreational Use in Backcountry Settings: an Aid to Management Planning Type
  Year 2002 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 1 - Proceedings Issue Pages 478-482  
  Keywords MMV1  
  Abstract Simulation models of recreation use patterns can be a valuable tool to managers of backcountry areas, such as wilderness areas and national parks. They can help fine-tune existing management programs, particularly in places that ration recreation use or that require the use of designated campsites. They can assist managers in evaluating the likely effects of increasing recreation use and the implementation of new management programs. They also can be used as a monitoring tool, being particularly helpful in predicting encounter levels in the interior as a function of easily measured counts of recreationists entering the area. The first backcountry travel simulation models were developed in the 1970s. They were never widely used, however, primarily because simulation runs were costly and difficult. Recent improvements in computer technology have ushered in a new era of travel simulation modeling.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 570 Serial 2347  
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Author (up) Cole, D.N., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Monitoring and Management of Recreation in Protected Areas: the Contributions and Limitations of Science Type
  Year 2004 Publication Policies, Methods and Tools for Visitor Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 2 - Proceedings Issue Pages 10-17  
  Keywords MMV2  
  Abstract Scientists assist protected area managers by developing information and knowledge that can be used to better monitor and manage recreation use and its impacts. Most recreation management decisions have both a descriptive and an evaluative component. There is widespread consensus that science is well suited to discovering, synthesizing and applying descriptive information. This paper provides an overview of some of the most significant contributions of science to visitor monitoring and management. It covers the related scientific purposes of explanation, causation, prediction and assessment. As scientific enquiry moves from description to evaluation, from facts to values, from providing statements of “what is” to providing statements of “what ought to be”, it ventures into more contested territory. While some advocate a substantial role for science in the establishment of normative standards about what ought to be, others believe science should be very cautious in this arena. Recreation examples, largely drawn from wilderness management in the United States, are provided.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 296 Serial 2356  
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Author (up) Cole, D.N., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Recreation Ecology: Learning from the Past Type
  Year 2006 Publication Exploring the Nature of Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 3 - Proceedings Issue Pages 89-90  
  Keywords MMV3, Recreation ecology, visitor impacts  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 610 Serial 2429  
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Author (up) Cole, D.N., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title The significance of recreation impacts: The importance of scale Type
  Year 2008 Publication Management for Protection and Sustainable Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 4 - Proceedings Issue Pages 53-53  
  Keywords MMV4, Recreation ecology, special scale, ecological impact  
  Abstract Recreation managers often consider the ecological impacts of recreation to be serious problems that need to be mitigated. Conversely, protected area ecologists often consider such impacts to be trivial. Such differences of opinion result from applying divergent evaluative criteria to assessing the significance of recreation impacts. It reflects lack of attention to questions of significance and, in particular, inadequate exploration of scale issues in recreation ecology. Impacts might be considered significant if they represent a substantial loss of ecological integrity or if they are perceived by recreation users to be highly disagreeable. Although not mutually exclusive, impacts on ecological integrity and human perception provide different criteria for evaluating significance. Cole and Landres [1] propose that the ecological significance of an impact is a function of both impact and attribute characteristics. Significance increases with the areal extent, intensity and longevity of the impact and with the rarity and irreplaceability of the impacted attribute. To be significant, from the perspective of human perception, the impacts have to be noticeable. In addition, the most disagreeable impacts are one’s that result from what is considered inappropriate behavior. Given these relevant criteria, this paper explores research that can help in assessing the significance of ecological impacts and suggests which impacts are likely to be most critically important. In particular, the paper reviews what is known about the spatial scale of impacts, since this is relevant to assessing both the areal extent of impacts and how noticeable impacts are. The impacts that are most significant perceptually are often quite different from the impacts that are ecologically most significant.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 898 Serial 2571  
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Author (up) Colson, V.; Lejeune, P., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title A regional travel model for predicting the number of visitors in forests: application to the Walloon region Type
  Year 2008 Publication Management for Protection and Sustainable Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 4 - Proceedings Issue Pages 417-421  
  Keywords MMV4, decay curve, forest recreation, GIS, travel model, Wallonia  
  Abstract The Walloon forests are visited by local people and tourists but the importance of forest recreation is very different from one part of the Region to another. As it was particularly difficult to obtain quantified information by counting, a model has been built by GIS and taking results from different surveys (telephone survey and face-to-face interviews) into account. This model makes the distinction between local visitors and one-day tourists coming from the neighbouring regions (in a buffer zone of 50 km). A decay curve based on travel time is used for predicting the number of visits throughout all Walloon forests from each departure point. An attraction function is added to the model to attribute each visit to a woodland and different scenarios have been tested to obtain a distribution of people by regions of provenance as similar as the results of surveys. At a regional level, this model is a good alternative for counting and gives a good overview of the forests for which recreation activities are more relevant and have to be taken into account in forest management plans.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 1066 Serial 2654  
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Author (up) Corbett, J., Robles, N., pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Dispersed Visitation in Mexico’s Mountains: Challenges to Sustainable Management Type
  Year 2016 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 8 - Proceedings Issue Pages 25-26  
  Keywords MMV8  
  Abstract References to “managing and monitoring visitors” generally bring to mind the grand concentrations of visitors thronging Angkor Wat, the Coliseum of Rome, or Teotihuacan, locations that by their fame and accessibility draw large numbers from around the world. Management becomes in effect synonymous with crowd control, carrying capacity, and dealing with periodic surges in visitation related to seasonal vacation periods or other circumstances influencing visitor flow. Rarely do we think of low or sporadic flows or tourism as presenting their own challenges, particularly when institutional support and management processes themselves confront serious constraints. In this paper we examine challenges to sustainable management under conditions of emerging but minimal, intermittent visitor traffic in mountain sites where historically suchvisitation has been non-existent.  
  Call Number Serial 3865  
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Author (up) Cosquer, A.; Hughes, M.; Le Corre, N.; Peuziat, I.; Michot, T.; Bernard, N. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Limited awarness by recreation users on the French marine protected areas: is there a flip side to the soft management approach? Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 197-199  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract This study demonstrates the complexity of engaging with recreation users as a stakeholder group for marine protected area in a country where these protected areas are a relatively recent concept superimposed on well-established and historically settled human uses. It seems that soft management of MPAs to avoid impinging on recreation access and public liberties is also associated with an overall low visibility of MPAs in France.  
  Call Number Serial 4104  
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Author (up) Cottrell, S., pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Predictive Model of Responsible Environmental Behaviour: Application as a Visitor-Monitoring Tool Type
  Year 2002 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 1 - Proceedings Issue Pages 129-135  
  Keywords MMV1  
  Abstract This working paper presents a framework for understanding responsible environmental behaviour as a visitor-monitoring tool. Visitor use data forms the basis of any successful visitor management plan to understand user knowledge, awareness and attitudes about pollution issues in order to develop management policies and actions that enhance appropriate visitor behaviour. A case study of the application of a predictive behavioural model on the Chesapeake Bay, Maryland, USA involving boater environmental behaviour as a social indicator is discussed. Results indicate that knowledge of water pollution issues, awareness of the consequences, equipment issues such as boat length and boat type, and situational factors that constrain or hinder appropriate behaviour were indicators of appropriate behaviour. A structural equation path diagram model was tested using AMOS student version 4.01 using up to seven of the eight predictors from boating behaviour case study to demonstrate the strength of a path analysis procedure. Results model those of the stepwise regression procedures used in the original study, yet the path diagrams demonstrate ease of interpreting the structural relationships among variables in a regression equation. Implications for management actions in the case study situation are given followed by a proposed researchmonitoring program coupling social science techniques with the natural sciences.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 452 Serial 2289  
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Author (up) Cottrell, S.P., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Perceptions, attitudes and perceived benefits of local residents about tourism development in and around European Protected Area Network Parks Type
  Year 2008 Publication Management for Protection and Sustainable Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 4 - Proceedings Issue Pages 72-76  
  Keywords MMV4, Sustainability, tourism, indicators, monitoring  
  Abstract This paper presents the European Protected Area Network (PAN Parks) approach (mixed methods) for monitoring resident beliefs about the benefits of PAN Parks status and satisfaction with tourism development. Comparison of results and lessons learned from studies done in Poland, Bulgaria, and Finland are given. Hypothesizes imply that economic, socio-cultural, ecological, and institutional dimensions of sustainable tourism influence perceived benefits of PAN Park status and satisfaction with tourism development. As residents’ satisfaction with the economic, socio-cultural, institutional and ecological aspects of sustainable tourism increase, so do beliefs about the benefits of PAN Park status and satisfaction with tourism development in the PAN Park regions.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 914 Serial 2579  
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Author (up) Cottrell, S.P.; Raadik, J., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Socio-Cultural Benefits of Pan Parks: Case Study at Bieszscady National Park, Poland Type
  Year 2006 Publication Exploring the Nature of Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 3 - Proceedings Issue Pages 135-136  
  Keywords MMV3, Sustainable development, dimensions, prism of sustainability, protected areas, PAN Parks  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 634 Serial 2441  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Cottrell, S.P.; Siikamäki, P.; Puhakka, R., pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Role of PAN Parks in local community development in Oulanka National Park, Finland – a mixed methods approach Type
  Year 2010 Publication Recreation, tourism and nature in a changing world Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 5 - Proceedings Issue Pages 91-92  
  Keywords MMV5, methods, discourse analysis, sustainable tourism, national parks, PAN Parks, Finland  
  Abstract  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 70 Serial 2719  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Cristina, T., Saporiti, F., pdf  url
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Horse riding in protected areas: And the dung? Type
  Year 2012 Publication The 6th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Outdoor Recreation in Change – Current Knowledge and Future Challenges Abbreviated Journal NULL  
  Volume MMV 6 - Proceedings Issue NULL Pages 48-49  
  Keywords MMV6  
  Abstract NULL  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 393 Serial 2837  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Crowley, C.; Cline, S. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title U.S. Federal recreation: diverse lands, diverse agencies – comparing agency methods of monitoring visitation and estimation economic impacts Type
  Year 2018 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas – ABSTRACT BOOK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 9 - Proceedings Issue Pages 328-330  
  Keywords MMV9  
  Abstract This presentation describes similarities and differences across the methodologies used by U.S. agencies to estimate visitation to recreation areas under their jurisdiction; the amount and patterns of related spending by those visitors; how this spending affects local economies in terms of economic impacts; and challenges to reporting nation-wide totals.  
  Call Number Serial 4152  
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Author (up) Culinovic, K., pdf  url
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Management of visitors in Plitvice Lakes National Park (Croatia) – present situation, nature conservation, challenges Type
  Year 2012 Publication The 6th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Outdoor Recreation in Change – Current Knowledge and Future Challenges Abbreviated Journal NULL  
  Volume MMV 6 - Proceedings Issue NULL Pages 228-229  
  Keywords MMV6  
  Abstract NULL  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 475 Serial 2919  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Čulinović,K. pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Plitvička jezera National Park – outdoor recreation possibilities and conflicts Type
  Year 2014 Publication The 7th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Local Community and Outdoor Recreation Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 7 - Proceedings Issue Pages 252  
  Keywords MMV7  
  Abstract  
  Call Number Serial 3031  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Čulinović,K.; Magdić,N.; Špoljarić,S.; Rendulić,Ž. pdf  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Educational and recreational trails of forest ecosystems – New trekking possibilities in Plitvička jezera National Park Type
  Year 2014 Publication The 7th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Local Community and Outdoor Recreation Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 7 - Proceedings Issue Pages 306  
  Keywords MMV7  
  Abstract  
  Call Number Serial 3032  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Curtis, N., pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Managing Commercial Recreation on Crown Land: The Commercial Recreation Transition Plan for the Sea to Sky Corridor, BC Type
  Year 2002 Publication Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume MMV 1 - Proceedings Issue Pages 314-319  
  Keywords MMV1  
  Abstract Monitoring and management of visitor flows in parks and recreational areas has traditionally focused on public recreation. However, there is a growing need to find management tools to address commercial operations as well as public recreation, and to manage activities outside of protected areas as well as within them. The implementation of a program to manage previously unregulated commercial recreation operations in the Sea to Sky Corridor, north of Whistler, British Columbia is described. It is argued that commercial recreation (CR) is not only different in kind from public recreation, but also offers significantly different challenges and opportunities with respect to visitor management.  
  Call Number ILEN @ m.sokopp @ 508 Serial 2317  
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